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1946 & 1964 In Review

 
1946

IN THE NEWS:

  • First meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in London
  • League of Nations is dissolved
  • Italy abolishes their monarcy
  • Verdicts in the Nuremberg War Trials result in 12 Nazi leaders (including 1 tried in absentia) sentenced to hang; 7 imprisoned; and 3 acquitted
  • Hermann Goering commits suicide a few hours before 10 other Nazi leaders are executed
  • Winston Churchill gives his "Iron Curtain" speech warning of Soviet expansion and the threat of communism thus marking the beginning of the "Cold War" era
  • Juan Peron becomes President of Argentina
  • The Atomic Energy Act is passed
  • The microwave oven makes its debut
  • ENIAC, the first fully electronic superconductor (computer)
  • St. Louis Cardinals defeat Boston Red Sox in the World Series
  • Members of Paxon Class of 1964 are born (most)

 

1964

IN THE NEWS:

  • Jack Ruby is convicted of murder in the matter of shooting Lee Harvey Oswald and receives the death penalty (conviction is reversed in 1966, but Ruby dies in 1967 before his second trial begins)
  • Three civil rights workers (Shwerner, Goodman, Cheney) are murdered in Mississippi and dumped in a construction area
  • 21 men are arrested in the deaths of the civil rights workers but only seven are convicted by the Federal jury
  • Nelson Mandela receives a life sentence for his agitant role in abolishing apartheid in South Africa
  • The Warren Report is issued concerning the assassination of President John F. Kennedy claiming that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 is enacted
  • Teamster President Jimmy Hoffa is convicted of fraud
  • BASIC (computer language) is invented by John Kemeny and Tom Kurtz
  • U.S. spacecraft Ranger VII sends back pictures of the moon
  • St. Louis Cardinals defeat NY Yankees to take the World Series
  • Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) takes the heavyweight championship
  • Singer Sam Cooke is murdered
  • Paxon Class of 1964 is turned loose on the world
ON THE RADIO:
  • Sky King
  • Hour of Mystery
  • The Case Book of Gregory Hood
  • Arthur Godfrey's Time
  • The Adventures of Ellery Queen
  • Fred Allen Show
  • Jack Benny Show
  • Mel Blanc Show
  • Mercury Theatre
ON THE RADIO:
  • Guy Lombardo Orchestra
  • Meet the Press
  • Sherlock Holmes
  • Theater Five
  • Wayne King Orchestra

 

ON TELEVISION:
  • Networks begin broadcasting commercial programming in June
  • British television goes back on the air in June
  • Hourglass (a variety show)
  • Faraway Hills (first soap opera)
  • First televised heavyweight fight -- Joe Louis v Billy Conn
ON TELEVISION:
  • Hollywood Palace
  • Gilligan's Island
  • Flipper
  • The Adventures of Mr. Magoo
  • No Time for Sergeants
  • Peyton Place
  • The Man from U.N.C.L.E.
  • Bewitched
  • The Munsters
  • Daniel Boone
  • Jonny Quest
  • The Addams Family
  • Gomer Pyle USMC
  • The Fugitive
  • Stingray
  • The Ed Sullivan Show (appearance of the Beatles makes it the most watched television program in history)
FADS & FASHION:
  • Benjamin Spock's Baby Book
FADS & FASHION:
  • Acrylic paints
  • Permanent press fabrics
  • Creepy Crawlers
  • Gun That Shoots Around the Corner
  • Foto-Electric Pro Football Hall of Fame (game)
  • Bobbing Head Beatles Dolls (bobble heads)
  • The Watusi (dance)
  • The Frug (dance)
  • The Beatles haircuts and clothing styles
  • Superballs
WHAT THINGS COST:
  • Car: $1,400
  • Gasoline: 21 cents per gallon
  • House: $12,500
  • Bread: 10 cents per loaf
  • Milk: 70 cents per gallon
  • Postage Stamp: 3 cents
  • Average Annual Salary: $3,150
  • Minimum Wage: 40 cents per hour
WHAT THINGS COST:
  • Car: $2,350
  • Gasoline: 30 cents per gallon
  • House: $20,500
  • Bread: 21 cents per loaf
  • Milk: $1.06 per gallon
  • Postage Stamp: 4 cents
  • Average Annual Salary: $7,336
  • Minimum Wage: $1.25 per hour
ACADEMY AWARD - BEST PICTURE:
  • Best Years of Our Lives - a war drama by William Wyler starring Myrna Loy and Fredric March
ACADEMY AWARD - BEST PICTURE:
  • My Fair Lady - a film by Jack L. Warner
TONY AWARD - BEST MUSICAL:
  • The Tony Awards begin in 1947 (look ahead to 1949 to see the first winner)
TONY AWARD - BEST MUSICAL:
  • Hello Dolly - based on The Matchmaker by Thornton Wilder, music and lyrics by David Merrick, choreographed by Gower Champion, starring Carol Channing
PULITZER PRIZES:
  • State of the Union by Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay (drama)
  • The Age of Jackson by Arthur Meier Schlesinger, Jr. (history)
  • Son of the Wilderness by Linnie Marsh Wolfe (biography)
PULITZER PRIZES:
  • Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town (history)
  • John Keats by Walter Jackson Bate (biography)
  • At the End of the Open Road by Louis Simpson (poetry)
  • Anti-Intellectualism in American Life by Richard Hofstadter (non-fiction)
NOBEL PEACE PRIZE:
  • Emily Greene Balch, USA, 1967-1961, former Professor of History and Sociology, International President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; and
  • John Raleigh Mott, USA, 1965-1955, Chairman of the first International Missionary Council in 1910, President of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations
NOBEL PEACE PRIZE:
  • Martin Luther King, Jr., U.S., 1929-1968, leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and campaigner for civil rights
TOP SONGS:
  • Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow by Vaughn Monroe
  • For Sentimental Reasons by Nat King Cole
  • Personality by Johnny Mercer
  • Prisoner of Love by Perry Como
TOP SONGS:
  • She Loves You by the Beatles
  • Baby Love by The Supremes
  • I'm Into Something Good by Herman's Hermits

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